In Nigeria agriculture is the dominant sector of the economy. It has been divided into two areas: production of food crops for consumption in the country, and the production of export crops. The most commonly grown food items are yams and cassava cultivated in huge territories in southern Nigeria. Other major crops include beans , sesame , cashew nuts , cocoa beans , groundnuts , kolanut, maize(corn), melon , millet, palm kernels , palm oil , plantains , rice , rubber , sorghum , soybeans and bananas .
Nigeria enjoys a wide range of climate variations that allow large number of crops to be cultivated. Around 70 percent of the population engages in agricultural production at a subsistence level and the agricultural holdings are generally small and scattered. Nigerians have adopted home gardening in a big way across the whole country. It helps in income generation and improvement of livelihood, upliftments of status of women and rural development.